It is considered as one of the major departments of GEOSURV. It consists of the following divisions:
1- Geological survey, geomorphological, geophysical and geochemical activities, besides geological, hydrogeological and geological engineering studies.
2- The activities of exploring and prospecting for mineral ores and raw materials inside Iraq and defining their suitability for different industries.
4-To study and analyze satellite imagery and data for exploratory, environmental and land use studies.
5- Topographic works
The Department performs its duties through the following divisions:
Geological Survey Division.
Mineral Exploration Division.
Topographic Survey Division.
Geological Studies Division.
Remote Sensing Division.